University of Llorin
Felix Ologbonyo has expansive experience in rendering legal advisory services to wide spectrum of clientele covering local and transnational corporations with an impressive background in dispute resolution. He is listed in the “Nigerian Top Executives in the Law, Legal and Information Services Industry 2015” a publication highlighting successful executives in the Law, Legal and Information Services Industry. A member of the Panel of Neutrals at the Lagos Multi-door Courthouse, the first and foremost court-connected Mediation Centre in Africa, Felix has settled over 100 cases referred to him by the courts in which terms of settlement were signed and entered as consent judgements.
He holds LLB (University of Ilorin), BL (Nigerian Law School) all with Magna Cum Laude and Master’s Degree in law (University of Lagos) in addition to obtaining General and Advanced Certificates in Intellectual Property from WIPO Academy, Switzerland. He is currently rounding off a Master’s programme in International Law and Diplomacy at the University of Lagos and has undertaken a PhD programme at the University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
BRAVE NEW WORLD? LEGAL QUESTIONS FOR AN AI DOMINATED SOCIETY
Our world is a kaleidoscopic one. It changes and keeps on changing at a rate never imagined. From the industrial revolution to the development of computer, the world has continued to witness unprecedented changes in systems and processes. Most recently in human history, Artificial Intelligence (AI) emerged and has continued to topple c conventional standards and introducing new perspectives to every field thereby creating a new world.
AI is the demonstration of human intelligence by computers which enable them to perform tasks which require natural human intelligence. It is the demonstration of human cognitive capacities by computers. Through the emergence of AI, the world has redefined itself as machines are being made to grow, learn from experience, adjust to new inputs, accomplish specific tasks (which could only be performed previously by man) more effectively and efficiently. As the use of computers drive the life of the 21st century man, AI introduces a new brave world with novel legal questions.
II. Research Questions
AI brings to the fore the nature of personality which law ascribes to computers. In this brave new world, the new “artificial man” is sturdy to redefine the law, yet the law has not taken cognizance of him and his proclivities. The tentacles of law has not been stretched to encapsulate the definition of computers as possessing legal personality even though computers now exhibit super human intelligence.
AI casts complicates responsibility and liability. The law naturally presumes man is intelligent and capable of reason. However, AI creates an intelligent “artificial man” with mechanical will and reason in addition to being a legal nonentity, yet the “man” performs task, which create legal liabilities and consequences which interrogate the definition of mens rea.
Many computers exhibiting AI are not limited by space and distance, and very soon, their operations may not be limited by time. Where they invoke liabilities, the determination of the law, which should apply, becomes a problem. With the prevalence of data harvesting with AI, the law must redefine the right to privacy or its essence will be permanently lost. AI has also complicated the ownership, recognition and enforcement of intellectual property and rights arising therefrom, and has therefore raised novel questions in this regard.
This study will review some literatures available on this subject and generate original thoughts to extensively address the various novel legal questions facing the AI dominated society.
IV. Expected Results
This study is expected to discuss the above questions and many more, provide theoretical basis for addressing them, and advance conceptual and jurisprudential arguments to extend the frontiers of law.
Boden, Margaret A., Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man, Basic Books, New York, 1997
Cole G.S.: Tort Liability for Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, 10 Computer L.J. 127 (1990).
13. Restatement Greenblatt N.A.: Self-Driving Cars and the Law. IEEE Spectrum, p.42 (16 February 2016)