Since her graduation she teaches at the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, Graduate school of Management, University of Haifa and acts as Head of Environment cluster at the Samuel Neaman Institute, Technion.
Since 2010 she is the Director of NRERC- Natural Resource and Environmental Research Center at the University of Haifa and the head of the Energy Management and Policy program at the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management.
As of 2014, Prof. Ayalon is the Head of Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Haifa.
Her research topics involve a wide range of activities related to environmental research and policy implications. The studies have served as a model for nationally recognized, updated energy and environmental activities for a variety of academic and public bodies that promote environmental policy in Israel. The resulting reports are submitted and jointly followed-up in cooperation with the Ministries of Finance, National Infrastructure and Environmental Protection, as well as other relevant government bodies.
The research subjects include energy policy and management, waste management, biofuel potential in Israel, agriculture and the environment, business opportunities in environmental technologies (clean-tech), reducing transportation-related air pollution and recent research topics include mitigation of greenhouse gases as well as adaptation to climate change.